John James Audubon (1785 - 1851) was an American ornithologist, naturalist, and painter.  Audubon was notable for his extensive studies documenting all types of American birds and for his detailed illustrations that depicted native birds in their natural habitats and for having identified 25 new species during his career.

His major work, a color-plate book entitled The Birds of America (1827–1839) is considered one of the finest ornithological works ever completed. Audubon's influence on ornithology and natural history was far reaching, influencing all later ornithological works and artistry striving for Audubon's detailed realism and exceptionally high standards of accuracy.  The Birds of America is still considered one of the greatest examples of book-art in past and modern history.